Electric and hybrid-electric propulsion is rapidly revolutionising mobility technologies across industries, from automotive and aerospace to rail and marine. At Airbus, our research into electrification aims to lay the groundwork for the future industry-wide adoption and regulatory acceptance of alternative means of propulsion for aircraft, helicopters and urban air vehicles.

On the path to low-carbon flight


A range of technologies are required in order to meet the aviation industry's decarbonisation ambition. These include improving operations and infrastructure, deploying sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and innovating through technology. 

Promising propulsion concepts are being further developed, such as hybrid powered aircraft or hydrogen fuel cells. It is a major challenge that the industry will answer collectively with engine manufacturers and other industries such as automotive. In November 2022, Airbus and Renault Group signed a research and development agreement which aims to leverage synergies to accelerate both companies’ electrification roadmaps. In June 2023, Airbus and STMicroelectronics signed an agreement to advance research on the next generation of semiconductors, which are a key enabler of the aerospace industry’s transition to hybrid and fully electric aircraft like the ZEROe demonstrator or the CityAirbus NextGen.

Energy is central to how we transform the aeronautics industry to achieve our decarbonisation ambition by 2050. The transformation follows two axes: Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) use increase and new electrical sources (battery and fuel cell). Hybridisation makes use of different energy sources. This combination helps optimise the overall energy efficiency of a flight and reduce fuel consumption.

Hybrid-electric aircraft propulsion


In a hybrid configuration, an aircraft uses several energy sources in flight, either in tandem or alternately. The mix of energy sources – jet fuel or sustainable aviation fuels combined with electricity – optimises overall energy efficiency and reduces fuel consumption.

Hybrid-electric propulsion leads to better energy management, reducing fuel consumption by up to 5% compared to a standard flight. 

The electricity can come from batteries or fuel cells that convert hydrogen into electricity. In November 2022, Airbus unveiled its hydrogen fuel cell-powered engine.

In flight, the aircraft uses several energy sources, either in tandem or alternately. The combination of energy sources - jet fuel or sustainable aviation fuels with electricity - enables us to optimise overall energy efficiency and reduce fuel consumption.

Our electric flight projects



A new approach to distributed propulsion for aircraft

EcoPulse is a distributed hybrid-propulsion aircraft demonstrator, developed in partnership with Daher and Safran with the support of France’s CORAC and DGAC.

 CityAirbus - the next generation

CityAirbus NextGen

Safe, sustainable and integrated urban air mobility

This all-electric, four-seat multicopter demonstrator focuses on advancing remotely piloted vertical take-off and landing flight (eVTOLs). 


Hybrid aircraft

A stepping stone to decarbonising aviation

Hybrid-electric propulsion is an incremental step that can improve the energy efficiency of every aircraft class.


A new flying laboratory

Disruptive Lab will evaluate a new aerodynamic rotorcraft architecture. It will also test hybridisation, with a fully parallel hybrid propulsion system that enables the battery to be recharged in-flight.



Our single-seat eVTOL demonstrator

Concluded in 2019, this all-electric, single-seat, tilt-wing vehicle demonstrator focused on advancing self-piloted, electric vertical take-off and landing flight (eVTOL).

Latest news

An uplifting craft
Whether it is blades, gearboxes, fuselages or Fenestrons, our industrial sites are engaged in a range of activities aimed at improving quality and increasing efficiency to ensure the products we deliver are far greater than the sum of their parts. As we look at our network of industrial sites, we’re highlighting some of their specialised activities, beginning with Paris-Le Bourget - a Centre of Excellence for the production and repair of rotor blades.
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Airbus partners with Avincis on Advanced Air Mobility
Airbus and Avincis have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to partner on the development of Advanced Air Mobility (AAM).
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Is quantum computing an enabler for the decarbonisation of aviation?
The accelerating development of quantum computing hardware and software bring this exciting emerging technology into sharper focus. Airbus and other aerospace players aim to harness its power, speed and scalability in order to facilitate their journey towards low carbon emissions.
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Discover Energy Transition at Airbus


Energy Transition

Introducing new low-emission propulsion technology to aerospace

Sustainable aviation fuels

A new generation of reduced emissions fuels



An important decarbonisation pathway

Solar flight

Harvesting the sun’s rays to power aircraft

Urban Air Mobility Vehicle - CityAirbusNextGen

Urban Air Mobility

Taking urban transport into the sky