Europe must be able to defend itself. In order to guarantee the continent's security in the future as well, technological sovereignty in the air is indispensable. The Eurodrone plays an essential role to achieve this.
The demands on European defence policy are evolving and new geopolitical challenges require new technologies. Advanced and innovative concepts such as drones are indispensable for modern security policy. Unmanned aerial vehicles can support armed forces from the air and thus significantly increase security on the ground.
The Eurodrone as an innovative pioneering project
The Eurodrone, also known as the European MALE RPAS, can perform real-time reconnaissance of a target area at medium altitude over a long period of time. As a medium-altitude remotely piloted aircraft with a long flight time, the Eurodrone is well-suited to reconnaissance, surveillance and protection of soldiers in the areas of operations. Delivery will begin in 2028, hence strengthening European defence.
Cooperate across borders
The Eurodrone has the potential to be a European flagship project. Drone technology is a key element of European defence policy, so there is a need to develop a European model. As a continental community programme, the aircraft will be developed and implemented together with the European partner nations France, Italy and Spain. This means that Europe will own the sophisticated technology and the know-how in the production. The ability to develop and build critical components of the European system on home territory – thereby controlling their use – is essential for the participating states.
The Eurodrone plays a key role in the future European defence architecture.
Autonomy in the sky and digitally
The Eurodrone enables the strengthening of European data sovereignty. Thanks to the use of European technology, information could be collected and analysed independently of other states in the future. This strengthens the quality of reconnaissance and ensures independent European access to central information for the defence.
Europe must be able to defend itself
In times of global challenges, individual EU member states are not in a position to face all geopolitical developments on their own. As part of the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO), the Eurodrone can also accelerate the further integration of European defence. This strengthens Europe's ability to defend itself with its own means.
Political support is essential
The Bundestag's budget committee will vote on a corresponding bill in March. The German Bundeswehr has an important role to play as the main customer for the technology.
Status: Feb 2021
With the signing of the framework contract for the first demonstrator phase, Europe’s most significant political security project has cleared an important hurdle. FCAS strengthens Europe’s competitiveness and strategic autonomy in times of geopolitical uncertainty.
In February, the governments of France and Germany signed the framework contact for the demonstrator phase 1A of the Future Combat Air System (FCAS). The contract covers a period of 18 months and initiates technology development, which will lead to airworthy demonstrators by 2026.
In the current geopolitical situation, FCAS is of prominent strategic significance. In order to preserve Europe’s freedom, independence and economic prosperity, the foundations must be laid today. Europe must be not only economically strong, but also politically and militarily; only thus can we safeguard European sovereignty on the long run. FCAS contributes to this.
FCAS ensures Europe’s sovereignty for the coming decades.
A system of systems
FCAS is much more than ‘only’ an aircraft. The project encompasses the development of four programme areas that are essential to Europe’s security: a next-generation fighter-jet, unmanned components called Remote Carriers, a new engine, as well as a Combat Cloud, which provides a comprehensive situation picture in real-time to all parties involved in a mission. The combination of these four building blocks enables their deployment within a network and thus creates a comprehensive ‘system of systems’.
Spill-over advantages for the entire industry
FCAS does not only represent a milestone in military aviation. The expected technological leaps will lead to positive effects in the civil aerospace industry and beyond. FCAS sustainably strengthens the European industry along the entire supply chain, including small- and medium-sized enterprises. It is a significant future project for the European industry, in which over 100 German companies have already expressed interest.
Safeguarding Europe’s sovereignty
Spain’s entry was an important step in the further Europeanisation of FCAS. FCAS is a cornerstone of European security policy and ensures that the continent can continue to maintain its sovereignty in the future—industrially, technologically, strategically!
Status: Feb 2020
by Dirk Hoke, CEO Airbus Defence and Space
Geopolitical changes are forcing the nations of Europe to reassess their relationship with one another. It is up to us to act if we wish to secure and preserve Europe’s independence, peace and prosperity. We must be strong politically and militarily, and not just economically, if we are to prevent other powers from dictating how we in Europe live.
This means that we must take responsibility for our own defence, even though this is a message that many do not wish to hear. Europe’s nations disarmed massively following the end of the Cold War. Today, our forces lack manpower, weapon systems and equipment. Only 22 percent of all Germans believe the Bundeswehr, the German Armed Forces, is sufficiently well-equipped and mission-ready.
State-of-the-art defence systems are expensive, particularly when we develop them ourselves to avoid becoming dependent on others. This burden is simply too great for most European countries to bear alone.
But is it really necessary for each country to develop and procure its own weapon systems? Does each EU member nation really need its own standard rifles, combat vehicles or corvettes? A simple comparison reveals the answer. Economically and in terms of troop strength, all EU nations together are roughly equivalent to the US. But the difference in military striking power is dramatic.
It therefore makes much more sense for Europeans to procure their military equipment jointly. Large order quantities would enable Europe to maintain a defence industry of its own. A further benefit is that larger quantities mean lower unit costs, as high development expenditures are amortised more rapidly. Taxpayers would receive more for their money.
France, the UK and Germany cannot stand alone. However, the spread of nationalist tendencies is endangering cooperation within Europe. Germany and France have recognised this risk: in the Treaty of Aachen, they agreed to establish a bilateral defence and security council to frame policy and further promote the development of joint defence programmes. So far, so good. But a declaration of intent alone is not enough. We require a resolute implementation. As one of Europe’s core military powers, it is essential that the UK be involved in this process. That is in the interest of all Europeans. This is one more reason why a no-deal Brexit must be avoided at all costs. Economic cooperation is not possible without a functioning legal framework.
Dirk Hoke is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Airbus Defence and Space since 1st April 2016
In the past, Europe has demonstrated that it can work together. The founding of Airbus and its development since the 1970s has been a major success for commercial aerospace. Airbus can boast of multiple successes in the military sector as well. The Eurofighter, the A400M transporter, and the NH90 and Tiger helicopters attest to this – despite all problems. We must now take this cooperation to a new level and expand it. To enable this, Germany needs to swiftly enact the consensus on export regulations set out in the Treaty of Aachen. Germany’s current posture on this sensitive issue is unacceptable to France, Spain and the UK, and isolates us in precisely the European context which we want to strengthen. France will not want to develop a Eurofighter successor with Germany if our country’s default reflex is to block exports of the aircraft. Berlin needs to move on this.
The private sector is ready and waiting. Without the corresponding orders, however, it will not be able to retain its research and development capacities in the long term. Losing these capacities would damage Europe’s economy, which not only benefits greatly from the developments and as suppliers to the defence enterprises. If we put Europe’s security at risk, other industries will also find themselves weakened by foreign influences. The current exodus of so many businesses from the UK provides a taste of where this can lead.
We have debated the topic of defence cooperation long enough. The security situation, the state of the armed forces and the obligation to handle taxpayers’ money responsibly all demand that we tackle the issue of joint defence procurement now. Otherwise, we run the risk that others will dictate how much peace, freedom and prosperity we can enjoy in Europe.
As Germans in Europe, it is time for us to stand up and demonstrate the courage and fortitude needed to secure the joint defence of our continent – before it’s too late.
Status: Feb 2019