Future energy sources
Reducing fossil fuel dependence
Like most types of transport, the aviation industry depends on fossil fuels. However, fuel supplies are becoming uncertain, more expensive and can cause environmental harm.
In the last 40 years, aircraft fuel consumption and emissions have been reduced by 75 per cent as the result of technological advances and positive steps across the aviation sector. The industry contributes 2 per cent to man-made CO2 emissions, with 80 per cent of these from flights of over 1,500 km. / 900 mi. for which there are not practical alternative transportation options.
As air transport demand grows, performance must also continue improving, which is why the aviation industry is determined to achieve carbon neutral growth by 2020 and to cut CO2 emissions in half by 2050 when compared to 2005 levels.
Efficient fuel use
In order to meet the industry’s eco-efficiency goals, aircraft manufacturers must ensure every drop of fuel is used efficiently and develop new ecologically-sound alternatives.
Some 90 per cent of the €2 billion Airbus spends on research and development is directed at improving the environmental performance of both existing and future aircraft.
Airlines already are seeing the benefits with jetliners like the double-decker A380, which only produces about 75 grams of CO2 per passenger kilometre – well below the current and anticipated future international limits. However, there is always room for improvement, and Airbus is actively engaged in a full range of initiatives and actions to further improve the air transport sector’s eco-efficiency.
In the future, finding even more ways to power aircraft must be found. As one of the first aviation companies to understand this, Airbus has a long track record of working with experts from across the industry to explore solutions.
Did you know?
"We surveyed over 10,000 people around the world who will be passengers in 2050 to ask what they want from the aviation industry in the future.
Their message was clear – we need to help as many people as possible share in the benefits that air transport brings, but we need to achieve this while looking after the environment."